CS 111 - PROGRAM DESIGN I, FALL 2016

Lab 3

Accessing Pictures in JES

To have a turtle draw on an image, you must first open the image. JES has a function to easily do this for you. This function takes the filename of the image as its parameter.

The easiest way to get the filename of an image is to use the pickAFile function in JES. The pickAFile function will display a dialog box that allows the user to change directories and select an existing file.

The code to prompt the user for a file and then open it is:

     filename = pickAFile ();      
     pict = makePicture (filename); 

Once the picture has been opened, that picture can then be used by a turtle for drawing. Check out the code in lect0914c.py for a program that does prompts the user for a file, creates the image and displays the picture.

JES Looping Statement: for loops

The simplest way to repeat a section of code for a set number of times is to use a for loop in combination with a range(X) function. Whatever value is stored in X, the code will cause the loop to execute X times.

The following code to will print Hello World 8 times. Don't forget the colon at the end of the for loop code and to indent to code that should be repeated.

     for x in range(8):      
           print "Hello World" pict


Lab Assignment

Due: Wednesday, 9/21/2016 by 11:59 pm

For this lab assignment, you are to create a "spirograph" style design in a non-blank image. The lab is to contain the following operations:

  1. The user is to write a function called lab3() that must allow the user to select the non-blank image as shown above in the code lect0914c.py .

  2. The program is to contain a function that draws a 5 pointed star. This method is to take a turtle as its parameter and will not return anything. Check out the code at lect0908c.py or lect0914f.py for an example of such functions used to draw using turtles. The shape your function is to draw is a 5 pointed star:
    Note that this shape is not a regular polygon, so you can't just use the same basic ideas we used in class. Fortunately, it is not all that different. For this shape, instead of just turning once around (360 degrees) as is done with a regular polygon, the figure turns around twice (720 degrees) when being created. The function used to draw a single star is to use a looping statement to repeatly draw the 5 sides of the star.

  3. The "spiralgraph style design" will be done by repeatedly drawing shapes (i.e. calling the draw star function from the lab3 function) where the orientation of the starting point of the shape is modified between each time the shape is drawn. This simply means that the turtle should be at the some location but facing a different direction each time the method is called. In this manner the shape is to be redrawn enough times to sweep out a complete circle.

    For this lab, you are to draw the star shape and repeat it multiple times, with each star rotated slightly from the previous star. The repeated steps are to be done using a looping statement like a for loop using the python range() function. When completed, it should look something like:

    The star must be drawn at least 10 times. You can draw it more than 10 times if you wish.

  4. Be sure to include a comment containing the following:
    • your name
    • your NET-ID
    • day and time of your CS 111 lab section (i.e. Monday at 1:00)
    • A description of the project.
Submission of the Lab

Use the Lab 3 submission link in the Assignments Page of Blackboard for CS 111. You will only need to submit the python source code file. You are to name your file with both the lab number and your NetID so we can find it easier. For someone with the <a href="http://www.cs.uic.edu/bin/edit/CS101/NetId?topicparent=CS101.Lab4s12" rel="nofollow" title="NetId (this topic does not yet exist; you can create it)"> NetId </a> of tsmith14 the file should be named:

     tsmith14lab3.py 

Just for Fun

I created the following picture based on the idea from this lab. I have the size and the color of the star change with respect to the loop counter. Also the shape is drawn in two circles instead of just one.

-- troy - 2016-09-19

Comments


-- dreyes 33 - 2016-09-19

-- dreyes 33 - 2016-09-19


This topic: CS111 > WebLeftBar > NotesF16 > CodeF16 > AssignmentsF16 > Lab3f16
Topic revision: r3 - 2016-09-19 - 19:21:04 - Main.dreyes33
 
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